If your next destination is Greece, and especially its capital, the visit to the Acropolis of Athens is inevitable. So you can enjoy it to the fullest, we want to give you some important information. We tell you what it is, what you will see in it and, of course, some of its history.
What were the acropolis?
The word acropolis refers to the highest part of the old cops greek. There the most emblematic buildings were built, such as temples or squares where the city's personalities met. The most important acts were also celebrated. It comes from the Greek akros (end, top) and cops (city).
This elevated area acted as the nucleus from which cities were developed and extended. Thus were born cities as important as Athens or Rome.
The most representative of the Greek acropolisView of the Acropolis of Athens
It is the most popular tourist attraction in the country and a magnet for fans of archeology, mythology or history. If you look at a photograph of the city, you will have appreciated that the Acropolis of Athens stands like a sentry. And it is on a top that reaches 156 meters above sea level.
If we consider Athens the cradle of Western civilization and culture, we can say that the cradle of that cradle is the Acropolis. Hence it is important that you know some basic data before visiting it.
Its origin dates back to more than 2500 years ago
Most of the Acropolis of Athens that we can visit today It was built in the 5th century BC., that is, during the time of Pericles. That is, more than 2500 years ago.
But that is not all. The Acropolis is built on remains of the Mycenaean era (2000 years a.C.) and archaic (600 years a.C.). The latter were destroyed during a Persian invasion. As a consequence, the Athenians swore not to rebuild them, but Pericles managed to convince them otherwise.
Thus, the impressive monuments that have endured the centuries and have witnessed thousands of years of history were erected. They belong to what is known as the Golden Age of Athens (480-404 B.C.), also called the Pericles century.
It has been restored several timesAcropolis of Athens
It should be added that The current appearance of the Acropolis of Athens is due to a great restoration. This was carried out between 1833 and 1863.
Although it has been ransacked and shattered several times throughout history, the magic of this imposing place still remains. With the help of imagination, you will feel that you have gone back in time until the time of maximum splendor of Ancient Greece.
The visit to the Acropolis of Athens
The single visit to the Acropolis of Athens justifies the trip to the Greek capital. And here are the best known monuments and constructions of the classical era of Greece. Let's find out what they are.
When we think of Greece, the first image that comes to mind is undoubtedly the Parthenon. Its grand structure reflects the extraordinary flowering of the city, both cultural and artistic, during the 5th century BC.
Of course, we must say that history has not treated Parthenon especially well. Today, conservation and reconstruction work continues. However, none of that has eclipsed the majesty that follows the structure that crowns the Acropolis.
They constitute one of the most spectacular thresholds of the ancient world. Flanking this monumental entry is already all experience. The current appearance of the ruins is similar to what they would have during the construction process, centuries ago.
ErechtheionCaryatids in the Erechtheion
Another prominent place within the visit to the Acropolis of Athens. It is a masterpiece of the Ionic order. It was built to replace the ancient temple of Athena that had been destroyed by the Persians during the medical wars.
Its name means 'he who shakes the Earth', one of the attic epithets of Poseidon. It is located in the place where Athena and Poseidon disputed the patronage of Athens.
Temple of Athena Niké
In this temple of Ionic order, like the previous one, there was a large sculpture of the goddess that gives it its name. It was erected as a symbol of the victory of the Greeks over the Persians in the battle of Salamis.
It is clear that thevisit to the Acropolis of Athens is like going back to the past. And not anywhere, but one of the most important sites in the history of Greece and Europe. Do not forget that the history hidden by the restored monuments of the Acropolis is also our history.