A desert is an almost uninhabited area where rainfall almost never exceeds 250 milliliters a year. Most of the largest deserts in the world, and also the smallest, are in areas of constant high pressure, a detail that does not favor rainfall.
Depending on the climatic characteristics, there are several types of deserts: the cold, warm desert, desert of medium latitudes, of monsoon, of winds aliseos and coastal. Next, we show you the six largest deserts in the world.
The 6 largest deserts on the planet
1. Antarctic Desert
It has an extension of 13,829,430 km² andIt is considered the coldest, driest and windiest territory on Earth. The rainfall in the interior plateau is around 50 millimeters per year, while on the coast about 200 mm of water falls.Antarctic Desert
98% of its rocky soil surface is covered by ice, So life in this inhospitable region is reduced to some bacteria, mosses and lichens. In the coastal areas inhabit penguins, seals, sea lions, seagulls, petrels and cormorants, among other species.
2. Arctic Desert
It has an extension of 13,726,937 km². It is the second largest desert on the planet, It has the same characteristics of the Antarctic Desert and is composed of large polar deserts which extend across Alaska, Greenland, Canada, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia.Arctic Desert
3. Sahara Desert
The Sahara desert has an area of 9,065,253 km² and is located throughout the northern fringe of the African continent.It is the largest warm desert in the world. It is part of Morocco, Western Sahara, Mauritania, Algeria, Tunisia, Mali, Niger, Libya, Chad and Egypt.Sand dunes in the Sahara Desert
In the Sahara we can find a lot of diversity. There are areas with large dunes that can exceed 180 meters high, such as those in southern Algeria. There are also steppe and savanna territories, such as those in the southernmost part of the desert, which give way to the Sahel.
You can also find desolate regions, such as the monotonous lunar landscape of Tanezrouft, on the borders between Algeria, Niger and Mali, and "dead" mountains. It is even possible to find oases and large rivers such as the Nile.
4. Arabian Desert
With 2,300,000 km², the Arabian desert It is located on the Arabian Peninsula and is the fourth in this list of the world's largest deserts. It extends to Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Jordan, Iraq and, above all, Saudi Arabia.Arabian desert
The small population is located near underground wells or springs. It has two spectacular large sand cores: Nafud, to the north, where the transverse dunes reach 120 meters, and Rub'al-Khali, to the south, the world's largest dune desert (650,000 km²); It is a place with hardly any life and where the sandy accumulations reach 250 meters at some points.
In this desert there are great sources of wealth and it has oil, gas, phosphate and sulphide extractions. Gazelles, oryx and desert cats are the most representative animal species that inhabit these domains.
God created the desert so that man could smile when he saw the palm trees
5. Australia desert
It has 1,371,000 km² of extension andIt is located in the western plain and in the lowlands of the interior. It is composed of ten large arid extensions that are succeeding each other. They stand out for their surface two: the Great Victoria Desert and the Great Sand Desert.Australia desert
But nevertheless, The one of greatest interest is the Gibson Desert, since there it is the largest aboriginal population in the whole country. There is also the Uluru rock, which next to the Kata Tjuta, are two of the great tourist attractions in the area.
6. Gobi Desert
With 1,300,000 km² of extension, the gobi is one of the largest and most interesting deserts in the world. It is located in the southern part of Mongolia and northern China and its extension has very diverse landscapes, rich wildlife and extreme weather.Gobi Desert
In the Gobi the fossil and egg excavations of the world's most important dinosaurs are carried out. We also have the Bayanzag, called flaming cliffs for their incredible orange color; the narrow gorge of Yolyn Am and the mountains of Gobi Gurvansaikhan.
The Gobi is one of the most popular deserts, since it is crossed by the Transmongolian railway line, one of the branches of the Trans-Siberian whose destination is Beijing.
In conclusion, and as you may have noticed in each of these descriptions, deserts are inhospitable territories, places of extreme temperatures where life is barely possible and which, however, are incredibly beautiful.