The Sydney Opera House is undoubtedly the most representative monument of the city and one of the main tourist attractions of the country, being visited every year by thousands of people. Despite being well known to all, there are many curiosities of the Sydney Opera House that almost no one outside Australia knows. We want to tell you.
Trivia from the Sydney Opera House: Bennelong PointBennelong Point - Jiri Foltyn
The area where the Sydney Opera House is located is known as Bennelong Point. This name was placed in honor of an aboriginal named, who was the first person to perform a function there. It was in March of the year 1791 and the work was directed to the governor of Australia and his companions.
Bennelong became a famous character in the city. He became the translator of the governor and was a mediator with the natives.
At that point, since then called Bennelong Point, a castle-shaped fort was built in 1821. That fort remained until the early twentieth century, when it was demolished. Instead, a set of ships were built to accommodate tram machinery.
Eugene Gosses and the Opera designsSydney Opera House - Flickr.com
Eugene Gossens was, in the 1940s, the conductor of the Sydney Symphony Orchestra. From that time began to press to get a new space to be built to accommodate opera and music companies in general.
In 1955, the governor of the New South Wales region, where Sydney is located, announced that a new opera house would be built, as demanded by its director. To choose the design of the building, an international competition was called.
As for the conductor, it is especially noteworthy that in 1956 they found material considered pornographic and scandalous in their luggage, after a trip back from Europe. This is a fact that even today keeps many unknowns around it. Shortly after Gossens announced his resignation as director of the Symphony.
The projectsSydney Opera House - ANNE LOTTE / Flickr.com
At the end of that year the deadline for submission of works to the contest ended. Total, 233 designs were submitted, from more than 30 countries. After 10 days of deliberations by 4 judges, the number 218, signed by the Danish architect Jørn Utzon, was chosen. They say that design was initially discarded, but that it was later reconsidered and rescued.
Utzon gained 5000 pounds of the time. The project was budgeted at 7 million Australian dollars and it was wanted to be built within 4 years. One of the great curiosities of the Sydney Opera House is that, to pay for the works, the region's government launched a special lottery.
«An architect is a dream artist.»
The construction of the OperaDetail from the top - simone.brunozzi / Flickr.com
The construction of the Sydney Opera House began in 1958 by the engineer Ove Arup. At that time the demolition of the tram depot that was there began. A year later, 10,000 workers began the construction of the building itself.
One of the main design problems that engineers encountered was how to build the sails, So characteristic of the Opera. The solution was found by building a sphere on which the shells would be "torn apart."
In 1966, the new government of the region decided to stop paying the architect, after numerous disagreements about cost overruns, delays and other project problems. Thus, Utzon decided to leave construction and Australia. Three Australian architects took over.
The work was completely completed in 1973, ten years later than planned and with a total cost of 102 million dollars, 95 more than initially budgeted. Queen Elizabeth II was in charge of opening the Sydney Opera House that same year.
Other curiosities of the Sydney Opera House
There are many other little curiosities of the Sydney Opera House. For example, 40 events, events, concerts or performances are made every week between its walls; 200,000 people participate each year in guided tours to visit it; or more than one million tiles cover an area of approximately 1.62 hectares.
Cover photo: Theen Moy