On your route through the westernmost part of Ireland you can not miss the stop at the Poulnabrone dolmen. This construction it has been standing for millennia and you can visit it for free. Therefore, you should not miss it, especially if you are passionate about history.
Rose in the Neolithic and perhaps the monument itself is not impressive, but it is thinking about how it has been standing so long, which will lead you to ramble on the reason for its construction. You can find out on your own or go with the lesson learned. Would you like to know more about Poulnabrone dolmen?
Where is the Poulnabrone dolmen?
The Poulnabrone dolmen is located in the west of Ireland, next to a town with the same name. It is in the region known as The Burren, which belongs to Clare County. Nearby you can also find a small fishing village called Ballyvaughan and which is charming.
Near this monument, less than an hour's drive away, you can visit the Cliffs of Moher. In this way, on the same day you will see two wonderful places in Ireland.
When and how was it built?
The time of construction of the Poulnabrone dolmen is partly unknown, since the range of years that are being considered is very wide. What experts know is that it dates from the Neolithic and that could have risen between 4200 B.C. and the year 2900 B.C.
As you can see, there is more than a thousand years of difference. Yes we can specify that this structure remains standing for at least five millennia. But the most interesting thing about the structure of the dolmen is that nobody knows what methods they used the men of that time to lift those huge stones.
It is a rock three meters long placed on two other large rocks vertical position. A composition placed on a mound of earth that has diminished in size over the years.
How have you stood for so many years?
This is another of the great unknowns about the Poulnabrone dolmen and the rest of those around the world. It is unlikely that these structures have remained so long standing. And it is especially in a place with a climate as adverse as Ireland.
Although to tell the truth, the construction has deteriorated, because in 1985 a crack was discovered in one of the support stones. Immediately, those responsible for its conservation acted on the monument. The dolmen was carefully removed and the affected rock was restored.
A rope surrounds the whole. Mark the limit to which you can approach to observe it. This measure, imposed by the property authorities, aims at tourists not touching or attempting to climb the structure.
Excavations in the Poulnabrone dolmen
When they restored the Poulnabrone dolmen, archaeologists took the opportunity to work in the area. In the excavations They found 33 bodies buried just below the monument.
And it wasn't the only thing they found, because several utensils were also found. They were stone tools like an ax, weapons, ceramic pieces, pieces of quartz crystal and even a pendant made of bones.
These findings have enhanced the theory that Poulnabrone dolmen was constructed to indicate the burial place of a large group of people. But he didn't bury all at once. Bone analysis showed that they occurred at different times.
Among the remains are several children. Moreover, of the 33 bodies found, only one corresponded to a person over 40 years of age at death. These remains can be visited at the Clare Museum in Ireland.
To know all this more thoroughly and other very interesting data, it is convenient that you go to the Poulnabrone dolmen with a guided tour. The normal thing is to see in the parking lot buses that go on excursion, although you can also visit it in a particular way.