The art that the painters of the Renaissance bequeathed to humanity is worth admiring at some point in our lives. Many of the great works are exhibited in the museums of Spain, Italy, France, England and Germany, and their presence is so overwhelming that The experience of seeing them in person does not compare to a simple online search.
Who are the most important Renaissance painters?
In the list that we are going to tell you, Most artists belong to the Italian Renaissance, given the importance of the movement in that country. On the other hand, it is very interesting to see the twists of history: how artists of different nationalities ended up being considered as the main exponents of the painting of the countries to which they emigrated.
1. Leonardo Da Vinci
We begin with the largest, Leonardo da Vinci, a prototype of the Renaissance man. Born in the city of Vinci (Italy) in 1452, He trained in Florence and developed as an artist in Milan and Rome.
The technique of his paintings was something that always occupied his thoughts, because Da Vinci was a perfectionist and A man completely dedicated to his creations. La Gioconda (Louvre Museum), The Last Supper (Santa Maria delle Grazie in Milan) and Adoration of the Magi (Uffizi Gallery of Florence) are some of his most important works.
«The painting is silent poetry; blind painting poetry »
-Leonardo da Vinci-
2. Miguel Ángel Buonarotti
His artistic life developed between the Italian capital and Florence. He handled the "chiaroscuro" very well and His paintings are known for their naked, heroic and noble figures.
In addition to making all the frescoes of the Sistine Chapel in the Vatican, Michelangelo also designed the dome of St. Peter's Basilica. As for sculptures, the Piety and the David They are also his works.
3. Rafael Sanzio
His "madonnas" are really touching, and his works of an incomparable quality. Such was his prestige that Pope Julius II commissioned him to paint the rooms of the Vatican in 1508.
Among his works stand out The sacrament dispute, The school of Athens Y The Parnassus All of them are located in Raphael's Rooms, a special room for the artist in the Apostolic Palace of the Vatican.
4. Tiziano Vecellio
Born in Venice, he is the most important Renaissance painter of that city. One of his "protectors" was the Duke of Ferrara, for whom he made many paintings. The issues addressed by Titian are religious and mythological and his paintings are very colorful. He also dedicated himself to painting portraits of great personalities.
Among his best known works, we can highlight Venus and Adonis (Prado Museum), The martyrdom of San Lorenzo (Monastery of El Escorial) and Diana and Calixto (National Gallery of Scotland).
5. Sandro Boticcelli
This is one of the Renaissance painters best known for his elegant and sophisticated works. At the beginning he made religious paintings, but then he derived in more complex themes with Neoplatonic influence, due to his relationship with the Medici.
Among his most outstanding works stand outThe birth of Venus, The Adoration of the Magi Y Spring. All of them are exhibited in the Uffizi Gallery in Florence.
6. Il Correggio
His real name was Antonio Allegri and he was an Italian artist dedicated to capturing the light in his paintings. Although he was influenced by Leonardo da Vinci, his paintings are brighter, the contours of objects are further enhanced and chromaticism is very present.
Among his main works stand out The adoration of the shepherds (Painting Gallery of the Old Masters of Dresden in Germany), Madonna with the Child Y Noli I Tangere(Prado Museum) and The Assumption of the Virgin (Parma Cathedral in Italy).
7. El Greco
Although he is known as "El Greco", his name was Doménikos Theotokópoulos. Although I was born in Crete, Greece, he is considered the main exponent of Spanish Renaissance painting, since he lived many years in Toledo, until the day of his death.
His paintings include exaggerated figures and cold colors; being the most important:The Burial of the Count of Orgaz (Church of Santo Tomé de Toledo), The plunder (Cathedral of Santa Maria de Toledo), Laocoon Y The expulsion of merchants (both at the National Gallery of Art in Washington).
8. Juan de Juanes
Born in Valencia, his real name was Vicente Juan Macip and his father, Vicente Macip, was also an artist. There are even works that do not know to which of the two artists belong. He dedicated himself to religious iconography and his legacy continued with his son, Vicente Joanes
Among the most important works of one of the most outstanding painters of the Spanish Renaissance stand out:The Last Supper (Prado Museum of Madrid), Portrait of Alfonso V of Aragon (Zaragoza Museum) and the Vera Effigies (Chapter Hall of the Valencia Cathedral).