The 3 pyramids of Giza: history and legends

Few places are identified as immediately as the Pyramids of Giza. Some constructions with millennia of history and that, nevertheless, remain as the most splendid legacy of the ancient Egypt of the pharaohs. An exciting visit for lovers of art, architecture and also of mysteries, since surrounding them there is infinity of history and also of legends.

The Pyramids of Giza, one of the Seven Wonders of the World

Pyramids of Giza - Orhan Cam

Recently, the Seven Wonders of the Modern World have been named, but the Pyramids of Giza were part of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. In fact, They are the only one of these mythical monuments that has come to this day.

And really, in their geometric simplicity they are of enormous beauty. In addition to having incredible dimensions, which has caused that it is not known for sure how they could be built 4,500 years ago.

Where are the and how are the Pyramids of Giza

Pyramids of Giza - Josie Moyer /

As its name indicates, these constructions are in the place of Giza or Giza. While in practice, this place, already at the entrance to the desert, is now almost linked to the city of Cairo, one of the largest metropolises in the world.

Thus, It is not complicated to make excursions from the usual hotels of the capitalThey accommodate travelers going to Egypt.

“There are no strange lands. Who travels is the only stranger. ”

-Robert Louis Stevenson-

The largest of the pyramids of Egypt

Great Pyramid - NadineDoerle /

The classic picture of the Pyramids of Giza is the one that shows its three main pyramids. They are the Cheops, the Chephren and the Mikerinos. The oldest and tallest of all is that of Pharaoh Keops, which raised its pyramid to 146 meters high.

More data can be given, as there are 2 million stones, and that usually weigh about 2 tons. But the big question is how it was built, and nobody can secure it for sure.

It has been speculated a lot, but no theory is completely satisfactory to explain how this monument was built in the desert and with the instruments and science of the time. Therefore, the most absurd theories have emerged. But what is known is that Cheops himself was admired by her, although it took 20 years to build.

The Chephren Pyramid

Pyramid of Chephren - Cezzaro /

The successor of Cheops was Chephren and another magnificent pyramid was built, although it did not reach the height of the previous one. However, has better preserved its external ornament. Yes, because you must imagine that the enormous pyramids of Giza did not look like today, but were covered with fine limestone, which gave them an even more majestic and elegant appearance.

Mikerinos and his grave

The third of the famous pyramids of Giza is that of Pharaoh Mikerinos, son and grandson of the previous ones. This was already less ambitious when it came to raising his grave, and its “only” pyramid reaches 70 meters high. However, archaeologists have been able to study inside the lavish funerary complex, in which the pharaoh would be buried.

More attractions in the Pyramids of Giza

Great Sphinx - Waj

These three pyramids are the most famous, large and beautiful, but in Giza there are other smaller ones., which belonged to other relatives of the pharaohs of that IV dynasty of about the XXVI century before Christ. Everything is a lavish funeral set.

But there is another element capable of attracting the eyes of tourists who come here every day: the Great Sphinx. In Egyptian art museums, such as the one in Cairo, there are abundant sculptures of sphinxes. That is, beings with lion bodies and human heads. But none is as spectacular as the one next to the Pyramids of Giza.

A great sculpture about 20 meters high that was contemporary to the pyramids. In fact, it was possible for her to build Kephren to be the guardian of the sacred precinct, and it is even said that that pharaoh was portrayed to face the figure.

Video: The Lost Gods: The Egyptians Ancient Egypt Documentary. Timeline (November 2019).